Kids Going to College
So you have children or grandchildren and every day they get older, wiser (you hope), more fun, and perhaps more challenging. As they grow older one of the thing that becomes more and more pressing in most families is the impending cost of higher education. Whether you imagine your kids heading off to trade school, a four-year traditional university or toward some advanced degree, in nearly every family the potential costs can be daunting.
As early as possible we encourage our clients to formalize what their values and priorities are around higher education. Every family is different, some want to pay for all of it, some are comfortable with student loans, others expect their children to take responsibility for the bulk of the costs themselves. There are no right answers here, but what is important is that you are clear and start planning accordingly as quickly as possible.
For those who intend to pay for all or a portion of their children’s higher education, every passing day reminds you that you should be saving for their college or if you are saving, wondering if you are could be doing better. Before you start socking money into an account, you want to consider your options and the benefits and restrictions of each.
There are many different ways families have historically paid for college costs:
- Taking money out of their home with a home equity line of credit or a cash-out refinance
- Using tax-preferential government bonds like EE or I bonds
- Using accounts that represent an irrevocable gift to the minor like an UGMA or UTMA
- Utilizing funds from retirement savings like Roth IRAs, IRAs and 401ks
- Building up savings in non-qualified accounts in the parents name
- Coverdell Educational Savings Accounts
- Various state-sponsored 529 plans
- Setting up or utilizing trust funds
It’s not just deciding on the type of account we are going to use, but we also have to decide on what we are going to fund it with. There are so many different options it is almost impossible to be confident you are making the best choice. Add on to that, trying to figure out how it might impact the amount of financial aid is available, it’s no wonder why parents lose sleep over this stuff. As with all critical financial decisions, it starts with goal clarity. A Trilogy advisor is equipped to help you clarify your educational goals and also to look at them in the context of all of the other financial priorities.
Mid-career financial considerations are complicated and have a lot of moving parts. You probably have more goals than money and prioritizing and utilizing the right account titles and types to make this easier on you is not for the faint of heart. That is why Trilogy is there for this party of your story, just like all the others.
Questions to Consider:
- Do you know what education options might be a good fit for your child(ren)?
- Have you considered the costs of those institutions including inflation?
- Do you know what future grant/loan/scholarship opportunities are available to you?
- Are you aware of how the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) works and how different account types affect your eligibility?
- Have you integrated your college savings goals with your families other financial priorities? Do you have a plan for how to allocate which savings to which priorities?
The information contained is general in nature and should not be construed as comprehensive financial, tax or legal advice. As with any financial or legal matter consult your qualified securities, tax or legal representative before taking action. ROTH IRA: To qualify for the tax free penalty free withdrawal of earnings, a ROTH IRA must be i place for at least five tax years and the distribution must take place after age 59 1/2 or due to death, disability, or a first time home purchase (up to $10,000 lifetime maximum). Before taking any specific action, be sure to consult with your tax professional. 529 TAX-FREE PROVISIONS: An investor should carefully consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and experiences associated with 529 plans before investing. More information is available in the issuer's official statement which can be obtained from your financial professional. The official statement should be read carefully before investing.
Advisory services provided by TrilogyCapital, Inc,. a Registered Investment Adviser. Separate advisory and securities services may be provided by National Planning Corporation (NPC), a SEC Registered Investment Adviser and broker-dealer. Member FINRA and SIPC. Certain registered representative with NPC are doing business under the name of Trilogy Financial. TrilogyCapital, Inc. and Trilogy Financial are affiliated by common ownership and are separate and unrelated to NPC. Please consult with your representative to confirm, on which company’s behalf services are being provided.